A weed is no more than a flower in disguise.
James Russell Lowell
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» Herbs By plant parts » Fruit
Fruit is a ripened ovary of the seed bearing plant. The main function of
the fruit is dispersal or dissemination of the seeds. However the fruits are
commercially valuable as human food. It is also widely used for preparation
of various medicines. Few of the plants that are traditionally cultivated
for their valuable fruits are:
Common Name: Jack Fruit
Uses: The young fruits of the Artocarpus Heterophyllus plant are acrid, astringent and
carminative. While the ripe fruits are sweet, cooling, laxative and
Common Name:Kulikhara, Kokilaksah, Long
Uses: The fruits of the plant are useful in inflammations,
hyperdipsia, strangury, jaundice and vesicle calculi. It is also used in
flatulence and dysentery.
Common Name:Lilac, Margosa Tree, Neem, Neem
Uses: The fruit of Azadirachta Indica is purgative, demulcent and is
used in some forms of cutaneous affections. It is an effective herbal remedy
for lepra, eczema, and some other obstinate skin diseases.
Common Name:Beauty Berry
Uses: Fruits are sweet, astringent, acrid, anodyne, stomatitis,
expectorant, depurative, anthelmintic, deodorant, digestive, styptic,
febrifuge and good tonic. It is considered to be useful in rheumatoid
arthritis, asthma, catarrh, anorexia, headache, foul ulcers, flatulence,
colic diarrhea, skin diseases, burning sensation, excessive sweating,
diabetes, vomiting, fever and general debility.
Common Name:Giant SwallowWort, Milkweed.
Uses: Calotropis Procera are useful in asthma, catarrh, anorexia,
inflammations and tumours.
Common Name:Senna, Indian Senna, Tinnervelly
Senna, Cassia Senna.
Uses: Widely used as expectorant, wound dresser, antidysentric,
carminative and laxative. Useful in loss of appetite, hepatomegaly,
spleenomegaly, indigestion, malaria, skin diseases, jaundice and anaemia.
Common Name:Fistula, Laburnum, Purging
Fistula, Golden Shower, Amaltas.
Uses: Fruits are sweet, cooling, purgative, carminative,
anti-inflammatory, diuretic and ophthalmic. It is used in flatulence, colic,
dysentery, inflammations and intermittent fever. It is also also used for
for conditions of cardiac disorders, strangury, opthalmopathy and general
Common Name:Dwarf Morning glory,
Uses: The fruit of the plant has the rare property of having
greatest therapeutic value when unripe. It is traditionally used for the
treatment of diarrhea, non-specific colitis, malabsorption syndrome,
gastritis, and adult onset diabetes (as ancillary therapy).
Gums are polysaccherides of natural origin. They can be easily dissolved or
dispersed in water to give a thickening and gelling effect. Gums are widely
used in food industry as thickening agents, gelling agents, emulsifiers and
Resin is usually yellow brownish secretion obtained from different parts of
the plant. It mainly comprises of volatile tarpenes, along with essential
oils and gums in little amount. The resins are insoluble in water and
soluble in alcohol.
Common Name: Indian Olibanum Tree, Olibanum,
Uses: The Gum resin obtained from the plant is antiseptic,
expectorant, anti-inflammatory and diuretic in nature. It is helpful in the
treatment of bronchitis, diarrhea, jaundice, ringworm and other skin
Common Name: Asafotida, Devil's Dung, Ingo,
Food of The Gods
Uses: The gum resins obtained from the root is used in the treatment
of hysteria, nervous disorders, bronchitis, asthma and whooping cough. It is
antispasmodic, carminative, expectorant, laxative and sedative.
Common Name: Commiphora, Mukul, Guggul,
Balsamodendrom Mukul, Indian Bdellium Tree, Moql, Moqle-arzagi.
Uses: The Guggul resin is known to increase white blood cell counts
and possess strong disinfecting properties. It has been known to lower
cholesterol and triglycerides, while maintaining or improving the HDL to LDL
ratio. It is also helpful in providing protection against ailments such as
common cold, and various skin, dental and ophthalmic infections.
Common Name: Chir Pine, Three Leaved Pine,
Himalayan Long Leaved Pine.
Uses: The turpentine obtained from the resin of the tree is
antiseptic, diuretic, rubefacient and vermifuge. It is useful in cough,
cold, asthma, chronic bronchitis, inflammations, liver and spleen diseases,
kidney and bladder infections, gonorrhea, scurvy, epilepsy, hemorrhoids and